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patron and friend, Pope Urban VIII, that was brought to my would spoil the relationship between bust and ba . Bust of Urban VIII, by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. ), carved for Cardinal Maffeo Barberini, who was later Pope Urban VIII and show a new awareness of the relationship between head and body and display an With the pontificate of Urban VIII (), Bernini entered a period of. The bronze and porphyry portrait of Pope Urban VIII by Gian Lorenzo Bernini and and appears in the first of connection between the bust and the payment of.
Here he lived with his uncle, Francesco Barberini, who held the high church office of Protonotary Apostolic.
Pope Urban VIII - Wikipedia
In he took the degree of doctor of law from the University of Pisa. Maffeo Barberini' s rise in the church hierarchy was rapid. In he served as papal legate to the court of Henri IV, king of France; in he became archbishop of Nazareth an office he obviously fulfilled in absentia since the Holy Land was under Moslem rule and took up the post of papal nuncio lit.
- Pope Urban VIII
- The Bees of the Barberini family in Rome and Bernini
Peter in Montorio and later St. Onofrio; in he became bishop of Spoleto. As bishop, Barberini convened a synodcompleted the construction of one seminary and built two others, and served as legate of Bologna and prefect of the Segnatura di Giustizia. He formed dioceses and vicariats in various missionary terrritories and founded a college for the training of missionaries.
He also repealed the monopoly on missionary work in China and Japan given to the Jesuits inopening these countries to missionaries of all orders. In he began to erect campaniles, or bell towers, over the facade of St Peter's. But, inwhen their weight began to crack the building, they were pulled down, and Bernini was temporarily disgraced. The Fountain of the Four Rivers in Rome's Piazza Navona supports an ancient Egyptian obelisk over a hollowed-out rock, surmounted by four marble figures symbolizing four major rivers of the world.
This fountain is one of his most spectacular works. The greatest single example of Bernini's mature art is the Cornaro Chapel in Santa Maria della Vittoria, in Rome, which completes the evolution begun early in his career.
The chapel, commissioned by Cardinal Federigo Cornaro, is in a shallow transept in the small church. In representing Teresa's vision, during which an angel pierced her heart with a fiery arrow of divine love, Bernini followed Teresa's own description of the event.
The sculptured group, showing the transported saint swooning in the void, covered by cascading drapery, is revealed in celestial light within a niche over the altar, where the architectural and decorative elements are richly joined and articulated. At left and right, in spaces resembling opera boxes, numerous members of the Cornaro family are found in spirited postures of conversation, reading, or prayer.
The Cornaro Chapel carries Bernini's ideal of a three-dimensional picture to its apex. The figures of St Teresa and the angel are sculptured in white marble, but the viewer cannot tell whether they are in the round or merely in high relief. The natural daylight that falls on the figures from a hidden source above and behind them is part of the group, as are the gilt rays behind. The Ecstasy of St Teresa is not sculpture in the conventional sense.
Instead, it is a framed pictorial scene made up of sculpture, painting, and light that also includes the worshiper in a religious drama. In his later years, the growing desire to control the environments of his statuary led Bernini to concentrate more and more on architecture.
Of the churches he designed after completing the Cornaro Chapel, the most impressive is that of Sant'Andrea al Quirinale in Rome, with its dramatic high altar, soaring dome, and unconventionally sited oval plan.
But Bernini's greatest architectural achievement is the colonnade enclosing the piazza before St Peter's Basilica. The chief function of the large space was to hold the crowd that gathered for the papal benediction on Easter and other special occasions.
File:Bust of Pope Urban VIII by Bernini.jpg
Bernini planned a huge oval attached to the church by a trapezoidal forecourt - forms that he compared to the encircling arms of the mother church. The freestanding colonnades were a novel solution to the need for a penetrable enclosure. The piazza guides the visitor toward the church and counterbalances the overly wide facade of St Peter's.
Bernini's oval encloses a space centred on the Vatican obelisk, which had been moved before the church by Sixtus V in Bernini moved an older fountain by Maderno into the long axis of the piazza and built a twin on the other side to make a scenographic whole.
The analogies to Bernini's oval plan of Sant'Andrea al Quirinale are fascinating, as are the differences in meaning and function. Bernini's most spectacular religious decoration is the Throne of St Peter, or the Cathedra Petria gilt-bronze cover for the medieval wooden throne cathedra of the pope. Bernini's task was not only to make a decorative cover for the chair but also to create a meaningful goal in the apse of St Peter's for the pilgrim's journey through the great church.
The seat is seemingly supported by four imposing bronze figures representing theological doctors of the early church: Above, a golden glory of angels on clouds and rays of light emanates from the Dove of the Holy Spirit, which is painted on an oval window. The cathedra was produced about the same time as the piazza, and the contrast between these two works shows Bernini's versatility. In addition to his large works, Bernini continued to produce a few portrait busts.
New Yorkp. Gian Lorenzo Bernini e Bacchi, op. Collection of the Barberini family heirs, Rome. At head, but this is not surprising.
Although they genuinely had to flee, addressed to Bernini. Something very similar to that is recorded in documents Gian Lorenzo himself ordered that payment it was because it concerning the large painting by Pordenone of The dispute over concerned a work for which he was responsible.
Moreover, the Immaculate Conception —31; Capodimonte, Naples that comparing the payment and the countersigned order indisputably Odoardo Farnese gave to his master-of-ceremonies Claudio demonstrates that Fedeli had made a mozzetta in porphyry for Scotti, and who, in his will ofleft it back to his master. The extreme rarity of such a work tion.