Pronouns and Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement
Gender agreement is seldom a problem with most pronoun/antecedent relationships when the antecedent is a noun because most of us have enough. An antecedent is “the thing that came before”. When you use a pronoun, it's standing in for a. An antecedent is a word for which a pronoun stands. (ante = "before"). The pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number. Rule: A singular pronoun must.
So okay, we've got a sentence like Jillian rode her bike to the grocery store. Fine, straight up sentence, pretty ordinary. If we wanna refer to Jillian again, but we want to use a pronoun, well, we refer to Jillian as she. That's a women's name, so she.
Pronoun-Antecedent Relationships | Student Success Centre, University of Regina
She bought some garlic and a spoon, like you normally would when you go to the grocery store. When we talk about this pronoun she, in relation to this word, this proper noun Jillian, Jillian is the antecedent, is the thing that goes before the pronoun she, so that whenever you use a pronoun, you are referring back to something else, the thing that went before, the antecedent, the thing that has come previously.
So you want to make sure that these things match up. So for example, we know from living in this culture, that Jillian is a women's name, so it would probably be incorrect to refer to her has he.
Jillian rode her bike to the grocery store, he bought some garlic and a spoon. The need for pronoun-antecedent agreement can create gender problems. If one were to write, for instance, "A student must see his counselor before the end of the semester," when there are female students about, nothing but grief will follow. One can pluralize, in this situation, to avoid the problem: Students must see their counselor before the end of the semester.
Or, one could say A student must see his or her counselor. Too many his's and her's eventually become annoying, however, and the reader becomes more aware of the writer trying to be conscious of good form than he or she is of the matter at hand. Trying to conform to the above rule 2 can lead to a great deal of nonsense. It is widely regarded as being correct or correct enoughat the beginning of the twenty-first century, to say Somebody has left their bag on the floor.
And we have possessive pronouns which show ownership: And just as pronouns can act as subjects, they can also act as objects: Thus we have pronouns in the subject case and the object case. This may sound a bit convoluted, but think of the way a hockey line has to play offense and defense on the same shift.
Being in the subject position is like having the puck - you create action.
Being in the object position is like the other team has the puck - you "receive" action. Then there are demonstrative pronouns which "demonstrate" something.Pronoun Part 1 ( Pronoun Antecedent Agreement)
These only come in the third person: And don't forget relative because they "relate" two clauses pronouns again, third person only: Here's another passage with quite a few vague or incorrect pronoun-antecedent links. Notice how meaning gets lost when this rule isn't followed: She pointed out that this was due to many resignations, which wasn't anticipated.
She maintained that very little could be done in the short term to address it. She told them it was her problem and she would look into the matter as soon as possible. They were not reassured by this, and demanded more details about it. There was also the possibility of more overtime, which wasn't good.
All in all, they were prepared to work together, but they needed to give them more time. Finally, if you start out addressing something as third person, don't suddenly switch to second person.
This is called a person shift. Many people enter university with the expectation of doing well but find the challenges of university life overwhelming. They are amazed to discover how heavy the workload is.