Akbar and Man Singh – The Fight | History and Chronicles
Interestingly, Emperor Akbar referred to Raja Man Singh I as “son”. the royal court and arranged his marriage to the daughter of a member of Mughal nobility. It was not Man Singh but Raja Bharmal of Ambar who have joined Akbar and Man him as a traitor for supporting and having matrimony relations with mughals. Akbar's relations with the Rajput chiefs should be studied and understood in a Akbar's reign, Raja Man Singh Kachawaha had earned the status of. zat.
This kingdom of Mewar had a history of producing great leaders Rana Kumba, Rana Sangha, Udai Singh, among others who had a habit of holding out repeatedly against invasions, retreating into the hills and coming back stronger than before. InAkbar grew tired of his generals failing and led his armies himself, crushed all opposition and sieged Chittorgarh.
Akbar was a giant in the league of Caesar or Napoleon when it came to military and administrative skills, and when he took to the field, his opponents mostly fled They chose to make one last sally - every able man - against the numerically overwhelming Mughals while the women after exhorting the men to not return jumped onto mass funeral pyres. To look at historical parallels, this is kind of similar to what some Gallic tribes did against Caesar, the Teutons and Cimbri took it to another level with the women killing any retreating soldier and in the end killing themselves.
It must be pointed out here that Maharana Udai Singh II survived the battle, and lived out the rest of his life in Gogunda. Rise of Maharana Pratap, bloody intrigue, brother betraying brother and a lot of drama Akbar went back to Delhi thinking there was peace in his eastern territories He was Maharana Pratap.
Man Singh I
His ascension was not that easy as his elder half-brother Jagmal Singh had been promised the throne, but in a coup Udai Singh's advisers removed him - he fled, with his army to Akbar where he was given a Jagir title and land and swore revenge on his brother. Akbar wanted to avoid war and unnecessary loss of life. He did of course want Pratap Singh to become his vassal - this was non-negotiable.
As expected, this was not acceptable to Pratap Singh. Akbar is said to have sent eight messages of peace, in one he even offered to marry a woman from Pratap Singh's household and become relatives, this was a tactic Akbar had mastered, marrying into Rajput royal houses to make peace. Pratap Singh rejected them all Akbar STILL did not want war, so he played what he thought was his trump card bad miscalculation on his part and sent the leading Rajput in his court, Raja Man Singh, as his emissary.
The Maharana was insulted, he saw Man Singh as an absolute traitor and again, from his perspective On this though, the sources are rather confusing, some of the oral traditions and stories suggest the meeting was charged and contentious, Mughal sources however suggest the meeting was cordial, but the Maharana point blank refused to accept Akbar's overlordship, let alone present himself in the Mughal court.
All this while the Maharana was not quiet. He used guerrilla tactics and hit Mughal supply columns or weaker Mughal outposts, vanishing before reinforcements could arrive. Chess moves before the war, pawns gained and pawns lost Akbar finally lost it and decided on war.
He mobilised his troops and started marching on Mewar and Chittorgarh. Even today, looking at Gogunda on a satellite map tells us how impregnable it must have been. Surrounded on three sides by the hills, and thick forests in front of it, it would have been a formidable stronghold back then. Initial moves Akbar's armies marched from Delhi while an advance army of around 50, to 1,00, based on various sources led by Man Singh camped near Haldighati.
The belief among the Mughals was that, outnumbered, the Maharana would prefer to play a defensive game like the previous rulers of Mewar. The Maharana took to the field with between 15, to 30, men, and marched on Man Singh - this in hindsight was a very Napoleonic manoeuvre - if there are two strong forces marching on you, attack the weaker of the two even if they outnumber youthen use manoeuvre to get to the second force in a geographically weaker point and then destroy that also. A word of caution on the numbers - these numbers could still be inflated and might in reality have been around 10, Mewarians versus some 30, Mughals, but ancient and medieval sources had a tendency to exaggerate army sizes, and hence we might never get a reliable figure for the Battle of Haldighati.
However, the contemporary source, Abul Fazl in his Akbarnama, estimates that the causalities were Mughals dead for Mewarians. However, given that there never was a rout, which is when most medieval armies took massive casualties, this is not indicative of the size of the armies.
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The battle Man Singh got intel that the Maharana might take to the attack, and he formed his ranks. Man Singh took the prestigious and all important centre Barha Saiyids a Mughal vassal group on the right, Generals Ghazi Khan and Rai Lonkarn on the left, other capable generals on the all-important Altamash.Jaipur Maharajah Sawai Man Singh II sits on his throne and bestows blessings on vifleem.info Stock Footage
In addition to these standard formations, Man Singh also had a contingent of Uqci cavalry archers and lastly, the all-important reserve.
Maharana Pratap, according to Fazl, was eager to get to grips with the enemy and left the arraying of his men a process that could take hours into battlelines to his subordinates. Man Singh then sent an advance party uphill he was camped on a plain - no sooner had he done this when the first wave of Mewar cavalry came crashing down on the Mughal vanguard and destroyed it. Round 1 to Mewar. To picture this scene, think of the charge of the Rohirrim in The Lord of the Rings.
You had this massive army on a plain, a much smaller, but larger in heavy cavalry formed up in the heights of the Aravalis. The Maharana himself led the charge. For those not into battle and tactics, it might help to understand how battles in that era and indeed from the first battle till gunpowder came to the scene were fought.
Akbar versus Maharana Pratap: What really happened at Haldighati
In the meantime, the right wing of the Rajputs had made contact with the left wing of the Mughals and defeated them - but the line did not break. Digression into tactics Battles in the medieval era and before that were not the stylised fights you see in Hollywood movies. Armies formed up in lines, typically they were massed three-four lines deep to prevent the first line from crumbling and running.
Once formed up, they pushed, jostled and slashed in a group against the opposition till they forced a gap. Once a gap was forced, troops would be forced into this opening to exploit it. If the line was exploited, it was game over.
Most casualties happened during the chase or the slaughter after the gap was forced. Now, the centre was usually heavily reinforced, but they also usually had the newer units placed there while the thinner flanks had the more veteran units. The objective of any army was to encircle the enemy check battle of Cannae in the Roman eras for a classic encirclement battle.
Man Singh I - Wikipedia
The Germans adopted this brilliantly to modern times in WW-II as any enemy army was most vulnerable in the rear. To this aid, most generals tried to "turn the flank" of the enemy. This meant destroying the units in the flanks and then turning on the harder centre.
Tansen was 60 years old. Tansen is remembered for his contributions to Hindustani, North Indian classical music. His compositions have led to the founding of several regional music schools in North India, known as gharana. Additionally, he wrote 2 books about classical music: Sangita Sara and Sri Ganesh Stotra.
He provided religious advice to the Emperor on a wide range of topics. Not many records exist about his birth, life, and death. Faizi was born in Agra in and educated by his father, a scholar of Islamic theology and Greek literature and philosophy. He went on to become a renowned poet and scholar. Akbar recruited him in to teach the royal sons. Faizi is remembered for his works of poetry, numbering in the hundreds.
One of his most well known books is Tabashir al-Subh, a collection of poems. However, many scholars believe that Do-Piyaza is a fictional character. He plays a part in several folk stories. He was first mentioned in these folk tales during the late 19th century. He was born in to a Hindu Brahmin family with experience in poetry and literature. Birbal grew up and became famous by writing music and poetry.
Akbar appointed him sometime between and as the poet laureate. He went on to serve Akbar as a religious and military advisor for around 30 years. He and Akbar became very close, a fact that caused rivalry among Birbal and his fellow courtiers. Birbal became the only Hindu to convert to Din-i Ilahi, the religion created by Akbar. InBirbal led a military campaign in northwest India, where he was fatally wounded. In these tales, Birbal was portrayed as clever, outsmarting other court members and the Emperor himself.
He has been immortalized in books, plays, and movies during the 20th century.