Somalia - FOREIGN RELATIONS
Foreign relations of Somalia are handled by the President as the head of state, the Prime . In addition, the Somalia embassy in the U.S. until recently had as its Main page · Contents · Featured content · Current events · Random article. Over the past month, the United States seems to have shown a renewed interest in Somalia and the security threats that emanate from it. With the arrival of its first United States ambassador in a quarter-century, Somalia hopes to have embarked upon a new era in relations with the.
Over the past few years, Washington has selectively developed a military presence throughout the Horn of Africa that features drone technology, special operations forces and cooperation with other regional actors.
Plans are also underway to add new facilities to the U. Central to this strategy, however, is the inclusion of local forces to share security responsibilities.
Why the US Cares About Somalia - Geopolitical Futures
Given their shared border with Somalia, not to mention their comparatively mature militaries, Ethiopia and Kenya appear as the two most natural candidates.
The country recalled some of its troops from Somalia citing financial restrictions, but the more likely explanation is that more security forces were needed to help quell domestic political unrest. Kenya appears to be more reliable.
The country has a direct incentive to help, considering al-Shabab has conducted attacks on Kenyan soil.
There may also be economic motivation to helping the United States. For this reason, in late April, the Kenyan government sent Foreign Affairs Cabinet Secretary Amina Mohamed to Washington to discuss security cooperation, economic agreements and investment opportunities with U.
Ideally, the United States would like to see al-Shabab, and indeed all radical Islam, destroyed. The Ogaden War with Ethiopia, although a humiliating defeat for Somalia, had created deep suspicions in the Horn of Africa concerning the intentions of the Siad Barre regime.
The continuing strain in Somali-Ethiopian relations tended to reinforce these suspicions. Civil strife in Ethiopia and repressive measures in the Ogaden caused more thanethnic Somalis and Oromo residing in Ethiopia to flee to Somalia by early The integration of so many refugees into an essentially agrarian society afflicted by persistent drought was beyond Somalia's economic capacity.
In the absence of a peace agreement, prospects for repatriation continued to be virtually nonexistent. The Siad Barre government's solution to this major political, social, and economic problem was to make the search for generous financial assistance a focal point of its foreign policy. Relations with Other African States For ten years after the Ogaden War, the Siad Barre government refused to renounce its public support of the Ethiopian guerrilla organization, the Western Somali Liberation Front, and provided it with clandestine military assistance to carry out raids inside Ethiopia.Somali president visits Eritrea as diplomatic ties improve
Siad Barre's fear of Ethiopian military power induced him in the early s to begin a process of rapprochement with Somalia's other neighbors, Kenya and the former French territory of Djibouti. Kenya had long suspected Somalia of encouraging separatist activities among the predominantly ethnic Somali population in its Northern Frontier District. Following a summit meeting with Kenyan president Daniel arap Moi in Nairobi, Siad Barre's public renunciation of any Somali territorial claims on Kenya helped dissipate mistrust.
U.S. Department of State
Beginning inboth Kenya and Djibouti, apparently encouraged by Siad Barre's stated willingness to hold direct talks with Mengistu, made diplomatic efforts to mediate between Somalia and Ethiopia.
It was not untilhowever, that Siad Barre and Mengistu finally agreed to meet. This first meeting since before the Ogaden War took place in the city of Djibouti and marked the beginning of a gradual rapprochement.
Siad Barre's willingness to defuse the situation along the Somali-Ethiopian border stemmed from the combined pressures of escalating guerrilla activity, overt Ethiopian military threats, drought, and the destabilizing presence of hundreds of thousands of Ethiopian refugees.
Following war with Ethiopia in the s, Somalia began turning toward the West, including the United States, for international support, military equipment, and economic aid.
A Short History of Somali-U.S. Relations
Civil war in the s led to the collapse of Somalia's central government in Following this, various groupings of Somali factions, sometimes supported by outside forces, sought to control the national territory or portions thereof and fought one another.
Although the United States never formally severed diplomatic relations with Somalia, the U.
Embassy in Somalia was closed in Fromthe United States took part in operations that aimed to provide assistance to Somalis. Numerous efforts at mediation and reconciliation were attempted over the years, and a transitional government was established in