good health on a number of measures—almost 90 percent of Canadians reported having good relationship between self-rated health and .. 17% of immigrant households;. • 15% of .. health implications of a sedentary lifestyle. Applied. The Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) reports on a range of indicators related to Canadians' physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep habits. Study · Citizenship · New immigrants · Canadians · Refugees and asylum . Sedentary time and its association with risk for disease incidence. The Relationship between Sedentary Activities and Physical Inactivity among Adolescents: Results from the Canadian Community Health Survey.
This relationship was impacted by the historical effects stemming from government policies, such as those leading to displacement from their traditional territories, settlement on reserves, and residential schooling. Today, physical activity has largely been designed out of our lives.
| Alberta Centre for Active Living
Nearly half of Canadian adults are not physically active enough to benefit their health and well-being. Physical inactivity is now the fourth leading risk factor for premature death, after high blood pressure, smoking and diabetes.
Footnote 16 Similar to physical activity, sedentary behaviour can be classified as occurring in leisure, occupational, household and transportation contexts. Canadian hour movement guidelines underpin the relationship between physical activity, sedentary behaviour, and sleep; the latter acting as a protective factor for health. Any movement of the body produced by skeletal muscles that requires the expenditure of energy.
It can include a range of movements throughout the day that can range from light intensity 1. Participation in sport is defined by the four contexts identified in the Canadian Sport Policy Footnote 4 Introduction to sport — Acquiring the fundamental skills, knowledge, and attitudes to participate in organized and unorganized sport Recreational sport — Participating in sport for fun, health, social interaction and relaxation Competitive sport — The opportunity to systematically improve and measure performance against others in competition High performance sport — Participating at the highest levels of international competition Defining recreation: The experience that results from freely chosen participation in physical, social, intellectual, creative and spiritual pursuits that enhance individual and community well-being.
Footnote 5 Defining sedentary behaviour: Any waking behaviour characterized by an energy expenditure less than or equal to 1.
Sedentary behaviour relates to body posture, such as sitting or reclining, in addition to low energy expenditure and physical inactivity. Common behaviours that individuals typically engage in while sedentary include watching television, sitting at a desk or on a couch, driving to work, talking on the phone or reading a book. Footnote 19 Defining utilitarian physical activity: Where they live, learn, work and play greatly influences their health. All those involved with promoting physical activity need to consider these important factors.
Seniors Recently released results from the Census show large increases in the number of Canadian seniors those aged 65 and older. As of the Census, Canada now has more seniors 5. Footnote 23 Between andmore than 1. As the findings of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Report attest, Indigenous communities are dealing with the lasting impacts of the intergenerational trauma resulting from colonization, alongside the loss of Indigenous culture, language, identity and infrastructural neglect.
The erasure of culture, and unhealthy and crowded living conditions that often include food insecurity, have resulted in Indigenous children and youth reporting poorer health compared to non-Indigenous children and youth.
The Indigenous population is growing much more rapidly than the general Canadian population. Between andthe Indigenous population grew by more than Footnote 26 Poverty or low income Poverty and economic inequality are increasing across the country. Footnote 26 Changing built environments Over the last 50 years, the percentage of the population living in urban environments has shifted considerably This presents both challenges and opportunities — an increased urban population could mean more congestion, traffic, noise, and air pollution.
At-a-glance - The Physical Activity, Sedentary Behaviour and Sleep (PASS) Indicator Framework
Many Indigenous, rural, remote, and northern communities continue to experience inequities in developed infrastructure. There are significant opportunities for population-based initiatives that will increase physical activity and decrease sedentary living at every age and stage.
Even slight gains among different groups of the population, such as Indigenous Peoples, would have a significant impact. Early years Ages Physical activity Canadian hour Movement Guidelines for the early years outline the right amounts of moving, sitting and sleeping that children aged four and under need for healthy growth and development. Footnote 27 Children and youth Ages Physical activity levels Not enough children and youth are meeting physical activity guidelines.
Footnote 29 Comparison by gender Large gaps persist between boys and girls. Footnote 28 Changes in adolescence The number of children and youth meeting physical activity guidelines drops as they enter adolescence. Footnote 28 Active transportation Fewer kids are walking, biking, skating or scooting to school. Footnote 30 Distance seems to play a role in active transportation.
Footnote 30 Sedentary behaviour Children and youth are exceeding sedentary behavior guidelines. Footnote 28 Children and youth are also spending approximately 8.
Footnote 13 Comparison by gender Both men and women show gains in terms of doing moderate levels of activity.
As Canadians reach adulthood, the physical activity gender gap declines. Computer use has increased substantially over time among both men and women, while TV time has remained relatively stable. How do these findings relate to our health and other health behaviours?
Overweight and obesity among Canadians are most strongly associated with high TV time, but also with high video game playing time. In numerous other research studies, TV viewing has also previously been strongly associated with weight status. Indeed, previous research had also suggested that higher reading time is not associated with increased risk of overweight or obesity. Other research has also shown an association between TV time and unhealthful dietary patterns.
Interestingly, more active Canadians are more likely to report high reading time, while inactive Canadians were most likely to report high TV time. Other research has also shown that mentally active sedentary behaviour is associated with higher physical activity, while passive TV and sitting time are associated with lower physical activity.
Instead we now have little reason to get up out of our chairs and off our couches — other than for our long-term health, of course. Currently, many Canadian adults report high levels of TV viewing, computer use and reading time. Computer use has increased substantially over time, while TV time and reading time seem to have remained more stable.
Individual sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviours and health outcomes differ depending on the specific type of sedentary behaviour in question. The strongest factor across all sedentary behaviours is age. Weight status, smoking, diet, and physical activity levels also vary by sedentary behaviour levels.
While screen-based behaviours are associated with negative health behaviours and health outcomes, the opposite appears true for reading time. It is therefore important for public health interventions targeting sedentary behaviour to be tailored not only to specific types of behaviour, but also to the needs of the specific population segment of interest.
Both practitioners and public health interventions should also make efforts to distinguish between harmful and non-harmful sedentary behaviours, both on a population level and when counselling individual patients or clients.
About the Author Katya M. Her research focuses on physical activity and sedentary behaviour across the lifespan, including associations with cardiometabolic and health-related quality of life outcomes.
Her current interests include seasonal variations in physical activity as well as occupational sitting time. For more information, visit www2. New Canadian physical activity guidelines.
Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. Directly measured physical activity of adults, and