Matthew the Apostle - Wikipedia
The Gospel of St. Matthew is one of the most quoted books of the Bible. The Gospel of Matthew stressed that Jesus is the Christ (, ) foretold in .. 34 And behold, all the city came out to meet Jesus; and when they saw him, they. Matthew the Apostle was, according to the Christian Bible, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus The consensus is that Papias does not describe the Gospel of Matthew as we know it, and it is generally accepted that Caravaggio in the church of San Luigi dei Francesi in Rome, where he is depicted as called by Christ from. The Book of Matthew begins with a genealogy tracing the line from 18This is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about: His mother Mary was . The prophet was called to go and meet the king as he checked the water supply for the siege. . And then according to Isaiah 11, Isaiah says that this king will be.
But to cut the process short I will summarize what you would find. Names like Hosea, Isaiah, and Joshua, to name but a few, are all based on this verb.
It is also used in the sense of salvation from sin, but folks would probably think of other types of salvation first. In fact, the followers of Jesus often thought more in the sense of a national deliverance from Rome than in a spiritual salvation from sin.
The word from God makes it clear from the outset that the salvation Jesus will bring will be a salvation from sin. Once sin is dealt with, then the results of the sin can be taken care of as well and there will be deliverance from the problems that sin has caused.
The Angelic Revelation Since we are considering the giving of the name, we might as well deal with the whole revelation through the angel at this point as well. The point is simply made that Jesus was born of Mary and without a human father. The genealogy in the chapter prepared us for this: He was born of Mary. We will come back to this when we discuss doctrinal meanings based on the text.
Jesus, the human, was born of Mary; the child was conceived supernaturally in her womb by the Holy Spirit. But the Son, the divine Son, was sent into the world from heaven by the Father. And the person of Jesus Christ has these two natures, the earthly human and the eternal divine, supernaturally united in Him. The point of the supernatural birth, the revelation about it, and the giving of the name, follows a long tradition of such things in the Old Testament.
It all underscored that this one would be a child of destiny, a Godsend as it were. But all of those provisions of children of destiny were mere shadows in comparison to this one, the coming of the Son of God into the world. The body of Jesus was specially prepared by God the Spirit for the Son who came into the world. The Fulfillment of the Prophecy Now we need to study the other clarifying section of the passage, the note that this was a fulfillment of the prophecy by Isaiah.
This will be a little more involved because most Christians are not that well-versed in Isaiah, and may find it a little complicated to sort through. Any time there is a mention of a prophecy that was fulfilled you have to go back and read it in the Old Testament within its context in order to understand the prophecy, and then see how it was fulfilled in the New Testament.
But I shall cut the process short here by summarizing what it going on in Isaiah 7 and how it points to this amazing birth. But you should read the chapter in Isaiah. The setting for the chapter was an impending invasion about B. The threat was from an alliance being made between the king of Damascus Rezin and the king of Israel Pekah against the king of Judah in Jerusalem Ahaz. The troubling alliance sought to remove the king in Jerusalem and replace him with a puppet king, the son of Tabeel.
The prophet was called to go and meet the king as he checked the water supply for the siege. The word from God was that there was no reason to fear these two northern kings--they were smoldering brands or stubs of wood. The invasion was not going to happen. The word of the Lord was that in a few years the whole northern territory would be destroyed and taken into captivity and Judah would survive.
But the message to the king demanded faith if he was to have a part in the future program of God: In modern expression we would say that Isaiah told the king that God had a future planned for the kingdom of Judah, but he was not a part of it.
Isaiah knew that this king was not going to trust the Lord. In fact, the prophet offered a sign to the king. To guarantee the reliability of the word from the prophet, the king could have asked for any sign, no matter how strange or how supernatural.
THE GOSPEL OF ST. MATTHEW
But this put him in a dilemma. You see, he was not a believer, not by any means read 2 Chronicles So he pretended piety and refused to ask for a sign, saying he did not want to test the Lord. This angered the prophet and the Lord and so a sign was given to the House of David in general, not to this king anyway.
The sign was that there would be a birth that would guarantee the future of the dynasty. War was coming; extinction was possible; but God was guaranteeing a future for the royal Davidic family by an unexpected birth: The Davidic Covenant would remain in place--but Ahaz would have no share in the future. Biblical scholars have different interpretations on how this prophecy worked, and you can spend a lot of time sorting them out if you like. Some argue that because this is such a special prophecy it has only one fulfillment, the birth of Jesus.
But a careful reading of the passage indicates that some partial fulfillment or application of the words was expected in their lifetime, for things would be happening before the child reached a certain age.
It seems more likely that there was a birth in the days of Isaiah, not an actual virgin birth, but an unexpected birth of a young prince to a woman in the royal family, a woman who was a virgin at the time.
The unexpected birth would be seen as a Godsend because it was a sign that the royal family would continue. It would tell them that God was with them. Some scholars have suggested it looks to the birth of the good king Hezekiah.
But the text does not say; it is simply the oracle given in anticipation of the birth. We do know that the prophecy has its fullest meaning, and its divinely intended fulfillment therefore, in the birth of Jesus. The Davidic royal family was almost non-existent Herod was not even a Jew ; Rome was completely dominating the political scene.
And in the middle of all this a sign was given, which was a fulfillment of the ancient sign of Isaiah: Any partial fulfillment in Old Testament times would merely have been a foreshadowing of the true fulfillment in Jesus.
We shall see this pattern of the way prophecy works again and again.
The context in Isaiah. Now, one further thing is necessary for understanding the announcement of this prophecy--its context. Isaiah is called the Book of Immanuel.
- Matthew the Apostle
- St. Matthew: Apostle of Jesus by day, dragon-tamer by night
- Birth of Jesus - Bible Story
Let me walk you through it so you can see the significance of the section from which this prophecy comes. In chapter 7 the sign of an extraordinary birth is announced, ultimately a virgin birth, and the one born will be known as Immanuel, God with us.
In the Old Testament, that presence could be felt in a number of ways. Then in chapter 8 Isaiah the prophet lets people know that Immanuel, this king, will be either a stumbling stone or a foundation stone, depending on whether they believe in him and make him their sanctuary or not. If they do not, if they continue to go after spiritists and necromancers and the like, they will find no answer. Why should they seek the answer among the dead?
They should seek the living God. The angels in the garden tomb used this line: Why do you seek the living among the dead? Then in chapter 9 Isaiah identifies this wonder king, Immanuel, and gives him throne names: He will reign with peace and righteousness. Amazingly Isaiah says that a child will be born, a son will be given.
The fulfillment in Christ shows how precise this distinction would be. And then according to Isaiah 11, Isaiah says that this king will be empowered by the Holy Spirit to bring about universal changes in all creation.
2. The Birth Of Jesus (Matthew ) | vifleem.info
So the announcement of the supernatural birth of Messiah is in a context filled with descriptions of this coming king. He is, to say the least, much more than a mortal king. He is supernatural in every sense of the word. And from that context the New Testament writers knew that this Jesus, born of the virgin Mary, was the fulfillment of the prophecy given some years earlier.
They may not have always understood it, but they soon came to realize that Jesus was indeed God with them, in the flesh incarnation. When Matthew explains that the verse in Isaiah 7 finds its fulfillment in the birth of Jesus, he is also saying that everything in Isaiah that describes the one born of the virgin applies also to Christ.
New Testament Correlations The better you come to know the New Testament the easier it will be for you to make the connections to related passages. At this point you can use dictionaries and concordances. Once you know how to describe what the passage is about--the incarnation, the supernatural birth of Jesus, the virgin birth--then you can look these up in Bible dictionaries and they will include references in the Bible in their discussions.
Or, a commentary you might be using should have some cross references as well. It will be easy to look at the other Gospels to see what they say about the birth of Jesus. I have already mentioned the account in Luke 1. Obviously the passage is not talking about just another king. This one is special. This one is divine. But John offers some more clarification.
This Word, Jesus, is the creator of all things 1: And this Word became flesh and dwelt tabernacled among us 1: And John said that they beheld his glory, the glory of the only begotten Son. If Jesus shares the nature of God the Father, it means that Jesus is divine and therefore eternal.
There never was a time that he did not exist. The first is the supernatural birth that shows he was not born as we are. He is above it all. Both of these signs attest to the fact that He is the Son of God. Two stand out above the rest. The first is Galatians 4: If Jesus had had a normal birth with a human father, he would have been totally human and a sinner like us. Redemption required the work of someone different, someone above it all, from on high, sinless and supernatural.
Joseph is contrasted with Herod, an unjust and wicked ruler. Matthew, in his powerful birth account, presents Jesus, in fulfillment of the prophecies and hopes of the Hebrew Scriptures, as the King of the Jews who has been given all authority in Heaven and Earth.
He is Emmanuel, God with us. Luke wrote his Gospel primarily for a Gentile audience and focuses on the traditionally marginalized and neglected groups in First Century Mediterranean societies. Here the angel appears to Mary not to Joseph and it is Elizabeth and then later again Mary that each has words of praise and blessings recorded. The Gospel of John, possible the last of the Gospel to be produced, records the birth of Jesus in heavenly, if not spiritual terms and language.
For John, this birth started in Heaven: Jesus, the Word was in the beginning and was God. All that is created was created through Him. John then describes the birth of Jesus with powerful language: John writing to Greek-speaking Gentiles across the Roman Empire explains that in Jesus, the Word becomes flesh and chooses to dwell with us and thus we all have been witnesses of His glory which is full of grace and truth.
John purposefully leaves out any mention of Mary, Joseph and all the other characters that Matthew and Luke mentions in their birth narratives. John clearly communicates that this birth is the most significant event in the history of the world. God became flesh and so is shining His light in darkness, an event that mirrors the creation of the heavens and earth.