The four humours and their relationship to personality assessment

Four Temperaments Test

the four humours and their relationship to personality assessment

Ancient concept of four personality types -- sanguine, phlegmatic, choleric, Our pages on personality types and tests are among the most popular pages on this site. Here are the four temperaments and their predominant humors (bodily fluids): They preserve their relationships with old friends, distant family members. The Choleric is the least occurring of the four temperaments, and a female Choleric They are slow to build relationships, and tend to have only a few close friends, . They can be moody, which is usually related to their negative evaluation of. Interactive personality measuring the big five personality traits. The four temperaments have not been a part of medicine or psychology for a hundred years.

For example, if someone has snot running from their nose, are they sick or are they well? If someone has a very red face because the blood has rushed there, are they angry or sad? The first record of someone creating a comprehensive system of bodily fluids was by a Greek physician by the name of Hippocrates.

the four humours and their relationship to personality assessment

You may have heard doctors refer to him in the form of the Hippocratic Oath. Hippocrates was a contemporary of Plato, and many of Plato's works reference Hippocrates' work.

the four humours and their relationship to personality assessment

Later on, a Roman named Galen would add to Hippocrates' work. While Hippocrates focused on health and disease connections to the humors, Galen would add to it by connecting a person's temperament and personality to imbalances in their humors.

The Four Humors |

This will be explored in more detail when we look at the individual humors. Humorism Broadly defined, humorism is the belief that the body is influenced by four fluids produced by organs in the body. The four fluids are: Blood Black Bile Yellow Bile Each humor would increase and decrease depending on many factors, such as what you eat, the time of year, the temperature, your gender, and the time of day.

If a person had an excess or an insufficient amount of a humor, this would lead to an imbalance, and a there would be a predictable change in the ill person. We will break this up humor by humor. Blood Blood This is the blood inside your veins and arteries. This humor can also be referred to as 'sanguine,' which is derived from Latin and means to deal with blood. According to Hippocrates, blood was exclusively produced by the liver this is actually the site where it is cleaned, as we now know blood is produced in the red marrow of the long bones.

Blood production was linked to spring and summer, where people were thought to have an excess amount of blood because of their red complexions. In the remaining four types, one pair of qualities dominated the complementary pair; for example, warm and moist dominated cool and dry.

Four temperaments - Wikipedia

These latter four were the temperamental categories Galen named "sanguine", "choleric", "melancholic" and "phlegmatic" after the bodily humors, respectively.

Each was the result of an excess of one of the humors that produced, in turn, the imbalance in paired qualities. Hans Eysenck — was one of the first psychologists to analyze personality differences using a psycho- statistical method factor analysisand his research led him to believe that temperament is biologically based. The factors he proposed in his book Dimensions of Personality were Neuroticism Nthe tendency to experience negative emotions, and Extraversion Ethe tendency to enjoy positive events, especially social ones.

Which of the Four Personalities are You? Part 3

By pairing the two dimensionsEysenck noted how the results were similar to the four ancient temperaments. Examples are DiSC assessmentsocial styles, and a theory that adds a fifth temperament. Cholerics are naturally result-oriented. They have active, positive, and forward movement, in an antagonistic environment.

They influence their environment by overcoming opposition to get results. Cholerics are extroverted, quick-thinking, active, practical, strong-willed, and easily annoyed. They are self-confident, self-sufficient, and very independent minded. They are brief, direct, to the point, and firm when communicating with others. Cholerics like pressure and are easily bored when things are not happening fast enough.

They are bold and like to take risks. Cholerics are domineering, decisive, opinionated, and they find it easy to make decisions for themselves as well as for others. They wake up wanting to control, change or overcome something…anything! Cholerics are visionaries and seem to never run out of ideas, plans, and goals, which are all usually practical. They do not require as much sleep as the other temperaments, so their activity seems endless.

Their activity, however, always has a purpose because of their goal-oriented nature. Cholerics usually do not give in to the pressure of what others think unless they see that they cannot get their desired results. They can be crusaders against social injustice, and they love to fight for a cause.

They are slow to build relationships, and tend to have only a few close friends, because results are more important than people. Cholerics do not easily empathize with the feelings of others or show compassion.

the four humours and their relationship to personality assessment

They think big and seek positions of authority. Cholerics tend to not be angry, although their assertive push to get results may be interpreted as anger.

The Four Humors

They are quickly aroused, but quickly calmed. Some Sanguines will be very strong, others somewhat strong, and still others more mild. Sanguines are naturally people-oriented. They have an active, positive movement in a favorable environment. They influence their environment by encouraging others to work together. The Sanguine is by far the most versatile of the four temperaments.

The Choleric, Phlegmatic, and Melancholy are all limited in what they can do, the Sanguine is not.

the four humours and their relationship to personality assessment

The Choleric temperament is the fewest in number, and the Phlegmatic and Melancholy temperaments are not change agents, preferring to adapt to their environment. The Sanguine has the potential for the widest range of behavior due to possessing the widest range of emotions.

This allows them to participate based on their second temperament in any kind of human activity. They like to participate in, or change, their environment. The areas of business, politics, sports, and entertainment, to name a few, are dominated by the Sanguine temperament.

The Sanguine is extroverted, fun-loving, playful, activity-prone, impulsive, entertaining, persuasive, easily amused, and optimistic. They are enthusiastic, expressive, and tend to be very affectionate. Sanguines are personable, receptive, open to others, and build relationships quickly. They are animated, excitable, approachable, accepting, and trusting of others. They will smile, and talk easily and often. It is not unusual to feel as if you have known one who is Sanguine for years after the first meeting.

They make and keep friends easily.

the four humours and their relationship to personality assessment