Salutary Neglect Essay Essay Example for Free
British economic policy was based on mercantilism, which aimed to use the American This led the colonies to establish trade relations with the Dutch and the. Mercantilism & Salutary Neglect. Chapter 3. Mercantilism. Mercantilism- a country 's ultimate goal was self-sufficiency and that all countries competed to get the. Salutary neglect was an undocumented, though long-standing British policy of from about to , allowed the enforcement of trade relations laws to be lenient. the colonies, force colonial men into service, and take control of military issues. through the Navigation Acts according to the doctrines of mercantilism.
It also created the triangular trade in the North Atlantic, which involved the export of raw materials from the colonies to Britain, the transportation of enslaved Africans to the Americas, and the subsequent importation of manufactured goods from Britain to the colonies. The British Parliament enacted such mechanisms as protectionist trade barriers, governmental regulations, and subsidies to domestic industries for the purpose of augmenting British finances at the expense of colonial territories and other European imperial powers.
England also sought to prevent its colonies in North America from trading with other European countries and from developing a robust manufacturing industry. To this end, beginning inthe British Parliament adopted a series of legislation known as the Navigation Acts. The Navigation Acts prevented British colonies from trading with nations other than Britain. This led the colonies to establish trade relations with the Dutch and the French in order to encourage the flow of manufactured goods into North America.
As the English Civil War drew to a close, the British sought to reimpose control over colonial trade relations.
Salutary Neglect Essay Essay
This effectively prevented the colonies from trading with other European countries. The act was followed by several others that imposed additional limitations on colonial trade and increased customs duties. Because of the Navigation Acts of ?Mercantilism, Salutary Neglect, and the American Colonists
The French and Indian War which the English hoped to fight with the help of colonial taxes and militia inspired the Americans to declare their right to grievance before supply, a right they assumed was theirs as citizens of a representative government. All of these misunderstanding about the colonist? In addition to the prosperity from sea commerce, the colony developed manufacturing industries, such as ironworks, brickyards, stone quarries, leather tanneries, and distilleries.
Town life spread into central and western Massachusetts. Boston grew steadily and by the s was one of America? Differences between the colonies gradually disappeared as common forms of local government and common experiences among the colonists brought people together. Moreover, the works of Isaac Newton and John Locke were becoming ever more popular in England as well as America, arousing a new spirit of rational inquiry into the laws of nature and the nature of man.
The British Tory war party initiated a new war against France by mid-century. In America it became known as the French and Indian War and it was, Rothbard points out, a deliberate try for more land in North America.
The companies, merchants and independent corporations in the colonies governed themselves with very little supervision from British officials. It was one of the first laws on trade regulation in the American colonies. The law required that all goods shipped to and from the American colonies had to be carried on English ships. This was an attempt at prohibiting colonists from engaging in trade with other countries besides England, according to the book Wars of the Age of Louis XIV: This act consisted of a series of acts: The additional Navigation Acts continued the policies of the act by adding to the list of items that could only be shipped on English ships, which included sugar, tobacco, cotton-wool, indigo, ginger, fustic and etc and requiring ships heading to the American colonies to first stop at English ports for inspection and payment of extra duties.
What Was the British Policy of Salutary Neglect?
Despite passing the Navigation Act, the British government rarely enforced it in the colonies, mostly because it was difficult to do so. The colonies had ports all along the colonial coastline which would have required the government to send over a large number of customs officials to regulate. As a result, American colonists ignored the law and continued to smuggle goods and trade regularly with both the Dutch and the French West Indies.
Although it was unenforced, the Navigation Act of was a contributing factor in the First Anglo-Dutch war ofwhich was a naval war between the English and the Dutch over North American trade routes and colonial land.
The Navigation Act also caused a ripple effect in the colonies when the war it started led to tension in the New England Confederationan alliance formed between the New England colonies to help bolster colonial defenses. The goal of the Dominion of New England was to strengthen colonial defenses, appoint government officials in the colonies and help enforce the Navigation Act.
What Was the British Policy of Salutary Neglect? – History of Massachusetts Blog
The problem was the mega colony was too large to run effectively and it quickly came to an end in after news of the Glorious Revolution in England prompted the rebellious colonists to overthrow the Dominion officials. The new King and Queen of England, Mary and William of Orange, made the Massachusetts Bay Colony a royal colony in and issued it a new charter with stricter rules than the original charter.
These changes caused a lot of unrest and anxiety in the Massachusetts Bay Colony and many historians believe it was one of the many underlying factors in the Salem Witch Trials of After Robert Walpole took over as the Lord of the Treasury ina major change happened regarding colonial trade regulation and the government began to avoid enforcing trade laws.
It is believed that Walpole, who served from toand the Duke of Newcastle, who served as the secretary of state for the southern department from to were the creators of the salutary neglect policy.
Walpole and Newcastle had three main interests in colonial governance, according to the book An Economic History of the United States: A source of patronage to help maintain a majority of supporters in Parliament 2.