Qin Dynasty - HISTORY
The Qin Dynasty established the first empire in China, starting with efforts in accepted Chinese culture, for instance, lagging behind the Zhou in doing away with human sacrifice. and political ties through some means, including marriage. Qin Shi Huang was noted for audacious marvels of art and. China - Social, political, and cultural changes: The years from the 8th century bce to China, late Zhou dynasty, 3rd century bc; in the Seattle Art Museum, Washington. Ideas about the proper relationships between members of society were. Qin Dynasty: Religion, Art & Culture. Qin Dynasty: Economy & Political Structure. Shang Dynasty: Technology, Inventions & Achievements.
This philosophy emphasized the desire to build a just and moral society by relying on respect for one's elders and traditions and through the building of moral character.
The Qin rejected this as a governing philosophy, instead opting for a belief known as Legalism. Legalism was centered on an approach that saw humanity as inherently evil and greedy.
The goal of government was simply to prevent people from acting on these feelings through strict rules and harsh punishments. One well known Legalist philosopher, Han Fei Zi, stated that ''the ruler alone should possess the power, wielding it like lightning of like thunder. Confucianists appealed to the past in seeking to maintain order.
Chinese Art and Architecture | Scholastic ART | vifleem.info
This, the Legalists argued, was an impediment to the new world order the Qin were seeking to build. Much like other Legalist thinkers, Philosopher Li Si believed in absolute rule and sought to take decisive action against those who would stand in his way. He continued, ''Anyone referring to the past to criticize the present should, together with all members of his family, be put to death.
Under their guidance, the laws were so numerous that many peasants didn't even know they had broken the law until they had been arrested, tried, and punished. Punishment was severe, ranging from fines, public beating, and long sentences of work on the emperor's many projects, including the construction of the Great Wall of China, to mutilation, castration, or even death, which was most commonly in the form of beheading, but sometimes also included being boiled alive.
Qin Social Structure Like most societies at that time, a fairly rigid social hierarchy developed in Qin China.
At the top of the social structure was the emperor who ruled with absolute authority. Below him were government agents who were specially appointed by the emperor.
By appointing people from outside the aristocracy, the emperor could ensure that there would be no competition for loyalty. He attempted to fight and create his own territory but was defeated and executed in B. When the states of Shu and Ba went to war in B. Qin responded by conquering each of them and, over the next 40 years, relocating thousands of families there, and continuing their expansionist efforts into other regions.
Ying Zheng is considered the first emperor of China. Advised by the sorcerer Lu Sheng, Qin Shi Huang traveled in secrecy through a system of tunnels and lived in secret locations to facilitate communing with immortals. One of the most important outcomes of the Qin conquest was the standardization of non-alphabetic written script across all of China, replacing the previous regional scripts.
- Chinese art
- Qin Dynasty
- Qin dynasty
This script was simplified to allow faster writing, useful for record keeping. The new script enabled parts of the empire that did not speak the same language to communicate together, and led to the founding of an imperial academy to oversee all texts.
Chinese Art and Architecture
As part of the university effort, older philosophical texts were confiscated and restricted though not destroyed, as accounts during the Han Dynasty would later claim.
The Qin also standardized weights and measures, casting bronze models for measurements and sending them to local governments, who would then impose them on merchants to simplify trade and commerce across the empire.
In conjunction with this, bronze coins were created to standardize money across the regions.