Hestia - Wikipedia
Greek god, Relationship, Role, Attribute, Roman Counterpart. Zeus, husband Hestia, sister of Zeus, Hearth, domestic fire, the family, hearth, Vesta. Demeter. Hestia was the elder of the greek gods and she was the protector of the home and the Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Demeter and Hades were her brothers who paid special They had a close friendly relationship despite the fact that they had two. Hestia's affairs and relationships: Though she was courted as a She asked Zeus to let her be the goddess of the hearth, and she kept the.
Come and dwell in this glorious house in friendship together; for you two, well knowing the noble actions of men, aid on their wisdom and their strength. Hail, Daughter of Kronos Cronusand you also, Hermes. Taylor Greek hymns C3rd B. Daughter of Kronos Cronusvenerable dame, who dwellest amidst great fire's eternal flame; in sacred rites these ministers are thine, mystics much blessed, holy and divine.
In thee the Gods have fixed their dwelling place, strong, stable basis of the mortal race. Eternal, much formed, ever florid queen, laughing and blessed, and of lovely mien; accept these rites, accord each just desire, and gentle health and needful good inspire. As the goddess of the hearth-fire, Hestia also presided over the altar flame and the sacrificial feast.
The central hearth of a state also belonged to her--the fire kept alight in the civic hall.
Homeric Hymn 5 to Aphrodite 18 ff trans. Hestia, you who tend the holy house [temple] of the lord Apollon. Conway Greek lyric C5th B. Fowler Greek philosopher C4th B. Let us inquire what thought men had in giving them [the gods] their names. The first men who gave names [to the gods] were no ordinary persons, but high thinkers and great talkers. Shall we, then, begin with Hestia, according to custom?
Then what would you say the man had in mind who gave Hestia her name? Zeus receives central place as king of the goddess, Athena as city-protector, and Hestia as goddess of the civic hearth. Of these, they say, Hestia discovered how to build houses, and because of this benefaction of hers practically all men have established her shrine in every home, according her honours and sacrifices. Rackham Roman rhetorician C1st B.
HESTIA - Greek Goddess of Hearth & Home (Roman Vesta)
Her power extends over altars and hearths, and therefore all prayers and all sacrifices end with this goddess, because she is the guardian of the innermost things. They model Hestia as a woman, like the earth, holding up a kettledrum, since the earth encloses the winds below herself. Rather she presided over the hearth at the centre of each home, the altars of all the gods, and the public earth of the city.
Cicero, De Natura Deorum 2. Closely related to this function are the Penates or household gods [of the Romans]. Mythology Hermes was the trickster. He was a young god who saw nothing wrong with lying and stealing, if it amused him. As the messenger god, he symbolized quick movement, agile thinking, and facile words. He was the god of luck and the unexpected. He was the god of travelers and thieves. He was the only god who could travel to Hades Hell. This showed that the depths of the unconscious are accessible only by those who don't take themselves too seriously.
The Romans knew Hermes as Mercury. That the messenger of the gods was a trickster suggests that one should be wary of divine messages. Recreation reduces stress and renews our creative abilities. Scholars examining the remains of Minoan culture have wondered whether it was a matriarchal society.
There is no certainty to this conclusion, but for the historical period of Greek culture extending from at least the eighth century B. With the supremacy of Zeus and the other Olympian gods established, Gaea's position is eclipsed. Demeter, the sister of Zeus, incorporates many of the aspects of the Great Goddess, while the different functions of Gaea are divided among goddesses. Under the Olympian Gods, earth and heaven are split eternally. In myth heroes and gods are created to dominate and subjugate the female and natural forces over and over again in various forms, the most common of them being gigantic snakes and serpent monsters.
The chthonic identity of the Great Goddess becomes associated with powers of darkness, chaos, and death that need to be subdued by the Olympian gods. What had been cyclical with the Great Goddess becomes cut so that instead of being associated with the cycle of life, death, and regeneration, she becomes identified with the negative functions.
Metope from the Temple at Selinus c. Pegasus, the winged horse that sprang from the severed neck, is being held by Medusa.
Perseus gave the head of Medusa to Athena who mounted it on her breastplate, the gorgoneion. A comparison of one of the large number of representations of the story of Perseus Medusa from Archaic Greek art to the Minoan Snake Goddess illustrates the profound change that occurred with the supremacy of the Olympian Gods.
A striking aspect of the Snake Goddess is her frontality combined with her hypnotic stare. The power of this stare was probably intended to strike the original viewers with intense religious feelings of of terror and awe. This expression transcends categories of good and evil.