Treaty Of Versailles Quiz - ProProfs Quiz
Demystified · Quizzes · Galleries · Lists · On This Day · Biographies · Newsletters Treaty of Versailles, peace document signed at the end of World War I by the For full treatment, see international relations: Peacemaking, – the Fourteen Points he had formulated as the basis for a just peace. The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for peace that was to be used for peace . Wilson subsequently used the Fourteen Points as the basis for negotiating the Treaty of Versailles that ended The treatment accorded Russia by her sister nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, of their. Fourteen Points. Geneva Convention; Treaty of Versailles; New Deal. Which of The U.S. had a close relationship with Great Britain, and the war interfered with trade. . The quotation above comes from Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points.
After being kept waiting for several days, they were presented with the draft treaty.
Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points" | vifleem.info
The German foreign minister, Ulrich von Brockdorff-Rantzau, spoke at Versailles, suggesting that while his country was prepared to make amends for its wartime excesses, the suggestion that Germany was alone in starting the war or exceeding the rules of war was baseless: We are ready to admit that unjust things have been done. We have not come here to diminish the responsibility of the men who have waged war politically and economically, or to deny that breaches of the law of nations have been committed… But the measure of guilt of all those who have taken part can be established only by an impartial inquiry, a neutral commission before which all the principals in the tragedy can be allowed to speak, and to which all archives are open.
We have asked for such an inquiry and we ask for it once more… In their hearts, the German people will resign themselves to a hard lot if the bases of peace are mutually agreed on and not destroyed. A peace which cannot be defended before the world as a peace of justice will always invite new resistance.
No one could sign it with a clear conscience, for it could not be carried out. No one could venture to guarantee its execution, though this obligation is required by the signing of the treaty.
When news of the treaty reached Germany it generated a firestorm of public anger. There were few moments of national unity in Weimar Germany — but the response to Versailles was one of them.
Erich Ludendorff considered the treaty the work of Jews, bankers and plotting socialists. Almost every newspaper in Germany slammed the treaty and screamed for the government to reject it. For two tense months, the Weimar government debated the ratification of the Treaty of Versailles. President Friedrich Ebert was also opposed to the Versailles treaty.
In June he contacted military commanders and asked whether the army could defend the nation if the government refused to sign the treaty and the Allies resumed the war. Both Paul von Hindenburg and Wilhelm Groener advised the Reichstag that the army lacked material and munitions and could not withstand an Allied offensive or invasion of Germany. Any refusal to comply with Versailles would also prolong the Allied food blockade, which was still ongoing in June and contributing to thousands of civilian deaths from starvation.
Confronted with this advice, the Reichstag had no alternative but to submit to the Allies. It was ratified by the Weimar assembly almost a fortnight later July 9thpassed votes to For the SPD and other moderates, the acceptance of Versailles was a necessary measure, given reluctantly to prevent more war and bloodshed, an Allied invasion of Germany and the possible dissolution of the German state.
Some accepted Versailles in the hope that it could be renegotiated and relaxed later. Those in the military and the far right, however, saw it as yet another betrayal. We will have our revenge for the shame of ! The Treaty of Versailles — or rather the question of how Germany should have responded to it — would contribute to political divisions for the life of the Weimar Republic.
The Treaty of Versailles, drafted informally concluded hostilities between the Allies and Germany.
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Germany was not a party to treaty negotiations but was handed peace terms in Mayinviting protest. The treaty was widely opposed within Germany, the government briefly considered refusing to sign and ratify. The German delegates were presented with a fait accompli.
Treaty of Versailles | Definition, Summary, Terms, & Facts | vifleem.info
They were shocked at the severity of the terms and protested the contradictions between the assurances made when the armistice was negotiated and the actual treaty. The population and territory of Germany was reduced by about 10 percent by the treaty.
In the west, Alsace and Lorraine were returned to France, and the Saarland was placed under the supervision of the League of Nations until In the north, three small areas were given to Belgiumand, after a plebiscite in Schleswignorthern Schleswig was returned to Denmark.
The war guilt clause of the treaty deemed Germany the aggressor in the war and consequently made Germany responsible for making reparations to the Allied nations in payment for the losses and damage they had sustained in the war.
Although economists at the time declared that such a huge sum could never be collected without upsetting international finances, the Allies insisted that Germany be made to pay, and the treaty permitted them to take punitive actions if Germany fell behind in its payments.
Treaty of Versailles
The Big Four, especially Clemenceau, wanted to make sure that Germany would never again pose a military threat to the rest of Europe, and the treaty contained a number of stipulations to guarantee this aim. The German army was restricted tomen; the general staff was eliminated; the manufacture of armoured cars, tanks, submarines, airplanes, and poison gas was forbidden; and only a small number of specified factories could make weapons or munitions.
All of Germany west of the Rhine and up to 30 miles 50 km east of it was to be a demilitarized zone. The forced disarmament of Germany, it was hoped, would be accompanied by voluntary disarmament in other nations.