India-Pakistan Relations - Terrorism, Kashmir, and Recent Issues
Despite the fact that neither India nor Pakistan has signed the treaties, the . China continues to occupy areas inside of India's borders as a result of the. Relations between India and Pakistan have been complex and largely hostile due to a number .. India's Border Security Force blamed the Pakistani military for providing cover-fire for the terrorists whenever they infiltrated into Indian territory. Bilateral trade ties between India and Pakistan have undoubtedly . of alleged cross-border violence, eighteen Indian soldiers were said to.
They were carried out at the end of September. In a first, India tinkered with the Indus Water Treatya Treaty which has stood the test of time and the bitter sour relationship for more than 55 years and was pondering with the fact to fully exploit the water potential of the West flowing rivers over which Pakistan has control.
On the other hand, Pakistan is ready for a dialogue with India but it wants the inclusion and discussion of the Kashmir issue which it keeps raking up every time. He has been accused by Pakistan of espionage and spying and has been sentenced to death by a military court in Pakistan.
India, on many previous occasions, demanded consular access of Jadhav, a demand consistently rejected by Pakistan citing national security issues. India says that Jadhav was a retired Naval officer who was a businessman working in Iran and has been falsely framed by the Pakistani establishment.
Future of India-Pakistan relationship India and Pakistan are neighbours. Thus, it is in the better of interest of both the nations that they bring all the issues on the drawing board and resolve them amicably. India wants Pakistan to act more strongly on the terrorism being sponsored from its soil.
India has genuine concerns, as there are internationally declared terrorists roaming freely in Pakistan and preaching hate sermons as well instigating terror attacks.
With the international community accusing Pakistan of breeding terrorism on its soil, Pakistan cannot remain in denial state and thus, needs to act tougher on terrorism related issues. Positive initiatives which were taken in the past Composite Dialogue Framework, which was started from onwards, excluded, some of the contentious issues between the two sides had resulted in good progress on a number of issues. Delhi-Lahore Bus service was successful in de-escalating tensions for some time.
A couple of important points agreed upon in Ufa were: Discussing ways and means to expedite the Mumbai case trial, including additional information needed to supplement the trial. Ufa Agreement has now become a new starting point of any future India-Pakistan dialogue, which is a major gain for India. However, despite all the initiatives, there is always a breakdown in talks. Thus, more needs to be done for developing peaceful relations. Benefits, which can be accrued from a good India-Pakistan Relationship If there is peace at the border and a solution of Kashmir is arrived upon, then the China Pakistan Economic Corridorwhich is passing through Pakistan Occupied Kashmir PoK can certainly benefit Kashmir, its people and the economy.
Kashmir can act as a gateway to Central Asia. This has been due to the legacy of a violent partition that witnessed inter-communal strife and, since then, the inability of various elected governments in Pakistan to fully control domestic and foreign policy.
The two countries have, consequently, fought several wars that ended with no real result or in victory of sorts to India. Neither country has benefitted in any concrete term from these wars; it could be argued, in fact, that they have only served to constrain the economic development of India and Pakistan, irrespective of the fact that India witnessed the elimination of the two-front threat posed by East and West Pakistan when East Pakistan became independent Bangladesh in Bilateral trade and commercial ties have remained in place between the two rivals despite their various ups and downs, however.
Partition could not, however, immediately remove or reduce cultural commonalities such as language, social norms, gastronomic tastes and other cultural ties. These divided families used their geographic locations to trade, sourcing products from both sides of the border and maintaining their cultural and familial ties.
India–Pakistan relations - Wikipedia
Analysis Bilateral trade ties between India and Pakistan have undoubtedly remained hostage to the political vagaries of the relationship but only in a limited fashion. One indication of this is the fact that the two sides concluded fourteen trade agreements between and Inthe year the two countries went to war over Kashmir again, Indian banks continued to operate their branches in Pakistan.
Following that war, however, and the degree of antipathy generated on both sides in the aftermath of the war, trade relations between the two countries all but came to a standstill for over eight years. The two countries came together again in and a protocol on resuming trade relations was signed in That trade was very limited, however, and conducted on a very small number of mutually agreed upon items.
There were, additionally, trade-related disagreements between India and Pakistan even when trade was conducted. Infor instance, India decided to devalue the rupee believing that Pakistan would do likewise.
India argued that the combination of higher raw jute prices, coupled with the devaluation of its currency, would price jute beyond its reach. Pakistan retaliated by imposing restrictions on the importation of some Indian manufactured goods.
Terrorism and its Impact on Pakistan-India Relations – AsiaPortal
I regard it as highly unfortunate that, instead of facilitating the normal flow of trade between the two countries, the Government of India should have embarked on a boycott of trade with us. While fixation of the rate of currency is entirely a question for each country to decide with reference to its circumstance, trade is a matter of prices. India, however, has taken the extraordinarily unfriendly step of boycotting trade with us.
Pakistan had developed an import substitution policy in the s, effectively the creation of a manufacturing base. Bilateral trade was truncated, however, first by the war of and then the war.
These two wars and, later, the civil unrest in Kashmir in the s had a very detrimental effect on bilateral trade because they introduced a military element into what had been, until then, a purely commercial paradigm. The Pakistani army surrenders at Dhaka, and its army of more than 90, become prisoners of war. Hostilities lasted 13 days, making this one of the shortest wars in modern history. East Pakistan becomes the independent country of Bangladesh on December 6, Click here for more on the Kashmir conflict - Pakistani Prime Minister Zulifiqar Ali Bhutto and Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi sign an agreement in the Indian town of Simla, in which both countries agree to "put an end to the conflict and confrontation that have hitherto marred their relations and work for the promotion of a friendly and harmonious relationship and the establishment of a durable peace in the subcontinent".
Both sides agree to settle any disputes "by peaceful means". The Simla Agreement designates the ceasefire line of December 17,as being the new "Line-of-Control LoC " between the two countries, which neither side is to seek to alter unilaterally, and which "shall be respected by both sides without prejudice to the recognised position of either side".
Pakistan rejects the accord with the Indian government. India refers to the device as a "peaceful nuclear explosive". These include "nuclear power and research reactors, fuel fabrication, uranium enrichment, isotopes separation and reprocessing facilities as well as any other installations with fresh or irradiated nuclear fuel and materials in any form and establishments storing significant quantities of radio-active materials".
Both sides agree to share information on the latitudes and longitudes of all nuclear installations. This agreement is later ratified, and the two countries share information on January 1 each year since then. Muslim political parties, after accusing the state government of rigging the state legislative elections, form militant wings. Pakistan says that it gives its "moral and diplomatic" support to the movement, reiterating its call for the earlier UN-sponsored referendum.
India says that Pakistan is supporting the insurgency by providing weapons and training to fighters, terming attacks against it in Kashmir "cross-border terrorism". Militant groups taking part in the fight in Kashmir continue to emerge through the s, in part fuelled by a large influx of "mujahideen" who took part in the Afghan war against the Soviets in the s.
Pakistan responds by detonating six nuclear devices of its own in the Chaghai Hills. The tests result in international sanctions being placed on both countries. In the same year, both countries carry out tests of long-range missiles.
The two sign the Lahore Declaration, the first major agreement between the two countries since the Simla Accord.
Some of the diplomatic gains are eroded, however, after the Kargil conflict breaks out in May. In OctoberGeneral Pervez Musharraf, the Pakistani chief of army staff, leads a military coup, deposing Nawaz Sharif, the then prime minister, and installing himself as the head of the government.