All Quiet on the Western Front - A Research Guide for Students
Paul Bäumer Quotes in All Quiet on the Western Front. The All Quiet on . at all, Albert." Related Characters: Paul Bäumer (speaker), Albert Kropp .. The soldier's relationship to his environment also changes on the front. .. Pragmatic considerations are, to Paul, the “real problems” that are necessary to consider. The men. As the men's trucks rumble toward the front, they pass a house, and Paul hears the cackle of geese. He and Kat agree to come back later, take the geese, and feast on them. Paul explains that many soldiers experience this problem at first. All Quiet on the Western Front is a novel by Erich Maria Remarque, a German veteran of World . as his friends fall one by one. It is the death of Kat that eventually makes Paul careless about living. .. "GCD:: Issue:: Classics Illustrated #95 [O] - All Quiet on the Western Front". vifleem.info Retrieved March 27,
Instead of depicting glorious battles and valiance, Remarque concentrates on the day-to-day routine, which includes rest, meals, search for a place to sleep, relations among soldiers and their commanders, death and that unique friendship that can develop in war conditions only. The book title has become a colloquial impression, meaning stagnation and lack of development in any aspect. It will try simply to tell of a generation of men who, even though they may have escaped shells, were destroyed by the war.
Paul's Family in All Quiet on the Western Front | vifleem.info
They were at the front line for two weeks; at the beginning, there were one hundred and fifty men and everything was relatively quiet, but at the last day they were reduced to eighty. The cook, Ginger, is not aware of these losses, so he prepares a meal for one hundred and fifty. Remaining soldiers immediately take this advantage, receiving double portions of beans, sausage and smokes. Paul describes his comrades. Along with them he describes Tjaden, a locksmith with an incredible appetite, thin as a rake, nineteen; Haie Westhus, a peat digger with huge hands, nineteen, and Detering, a peasant, whose thoughts are always dedicated to his wife and his farm.
Paul makes a whole philosophy on this basis, drawing the line between recruits and veterans in their attitude to natural functions of human organisms, because veterans have already left their excessive shyness behind. Kropp mentions one of their comrades, Franc Kemmerich, who landed in the aid station. This makes his comrades laugh. Kantoreck was their schoolmaster and he was the main reason of their present occupation.
He literally pushed them into volunteering, making patriotic speeches on war glory and hinting on cowardice and dishonor. His efforts led to the whole school class volunteering, except for the fat and kind Joseph Behm.
He succumbed at last and died one of the first, blinded and maddened by pain. Three friends go to visit Kemmerich. At the first sight, they understand that Kemmerich is dying, even while he is still not aware of his condition.
He even does not realize that his foot was amputated. They are chattering, trying to calm him down and not to reveal the truth. Paul steps on his foot, tipping on unfitness of such remarks. They promise Kemmerich to visit him tomorrow and bribe an attendant with cigarettes, so he would give Kemmerich some morphine. Kropp drops into a short hysterical fit. That leads to a bitter laugher — they are old folks now.
At the beginning of Chapter 2 Paul ponders on his attempts in poetry before the war. All this seems distant and strange now, for they have no roots, no ties or affections. Their lives are completely uncertain.
Paul's Family in All Quiet on the Western Front
Paul recalls their training, especially the sadistic drill instructor, Himmelstoss, a former postman, who used to torture them with senseless and exhausting tasks. Himmelstoss was furious but helpless, so he subsided a little.
Anyway, his harsh drills turned the former schoolboys into much tougher and durable people. It was a time when they had developed the only good thing that war ever gave them — a brotherhood.
Paul visits Kemmerich again and finds him in worsened condition. Kemmerich dies and Paul leaves to barracks. He runs on his way, taking deep breaths, enjoying each motion of his body, savoring being alive. In Chapter 3 replacement troops arrive. Kat invites them to a feast on beans traded from Ginger for three pieces of parachute silk. At rest our heroes fall into philosophical discussion, cursing drilling and foot-stomping.
This naturally leads to the mentioning of Himmelstoss. This collective trip down the memory lane is accompanied by a sky battle that causes no emotional reaction. Paul muses about the ways of humble men like Corporal Himmelstoss turning into such horrendous bullies. Kat makes a speech on influence of power over man.
At this Tjaden arrives with a wonderful news: Himmelstoss is sent to the frontline, where they stay. This leads to an even sweeter memory. Four friends had developed a plan of revenge and carried it out brilliantly: While they are passing by a house near the road, Paul overhears geese and hints Kat about a candidate for frying. They arrive to the artillery positions.
Shots are thundering; recruits are scared and Kat, hiding his own unease, lectures them about sounds of different missiles. The company goes on with their task, while the bombardment continues. They finish putting the wire long before their lorries return, so Paul even manages to get some sleep, but soon awakes with a jolt.
Cries of wounded soldiers are heard from a nearby site, which had several direct hits.
- Stanislaus Katczinsky in All Quiet on the Western Front
Soon the nightmarish cries of horses join them. Detering is furious and shouts to somebody to shoot them and stop their suffering, but attendants have to care for people first. Detering even tries to shoot one horse but Kat stops him, for he can shoot a soldier instead. At last all wounded horses are shot.
A new attack begins. Soldiers run for shelter to a cemetery. Paul hides under a splintered coffin. Kat joins him soon, shouting about the gas. Now there are four men together, Paul, Kat, Albert and someone else. They are in their gas-masks and think about crawling outside. Explosion brings a coffin flying at them, falling on the hand of the fourth man. They try to free him and prevent him from taking his mask off.
When the attack ends, the cemetery is a complete mess of soil, coffins and corpses. The fourth soldier, the same newcomer whom Paul protected not long ago, is badly wounded and would be dead in several excruciating days. Kat even suggests that they should shoot him. Five killed and eight wounded; soldiers return to their barracks under the morning rain. Chapter 5 starts with lice-killing in quiet setting. At this moment Himmelstoss arrives and desperately tries to start a conversation with his former recruits but fails.
Tjaden, steaming with fury, says all he thinks about Corporal and even moons him. Himmelstoss is quick to inform on anyone, so, when he threatens them with tribunal, friends recommend Tjaden to hide somewhere. The confrontation with Himmelstoss ends in the evening, when Lt. That night Kat and Paul implement their plan for goose frying. After a rather comical scene of goose abduction, involving fighting with two gees at once, confrontation with a dog and miraculous escape, the scene of cooking the prey follows.
The goose is large, so they bring generous portions to Kropp and the ever hungry Tjaden. In Chapter 6 there are rumors about a possible offensive. The British had strengthened their artillery. Everyone is in morose mood, for in two hours after their descend in trenches, several German missiles hit them, due to wear of gun barrels. Paul recalls his narrow escape of death between two foxholes several months ago. Trenches are infested with rats. After several unsuccessful attempts to save their bread, Detering proposes an ambush with shovels.
This works and rats retreat somewhere. Next day makes everyone even more anxious, for a good portion of cheese was supplied.
When rum follows, this means trouble. Several days pass before barrage starts. Men gradually become deaf. Barrage prevents cooks from food delivery. Two attempts to bring some food fail, even Kat is incapable of anything. Now there is nothing but to wait and hope to survive. In the morning rats flood the trench, so everyone tries to kill them. Later an officer crawls in, carrying a loaf of bread — somebody was successful in raid for food.
One of recruits panics and runs from the trench in spite of all efforts of older soldiers to keep him in place.
A short attack follows. Germans capture some French positions, take a short rest and consume food supplies. At night Paul is on his sentry duty, recalling beloved places of his childhood.ERNEST BORGNINE 1917-2012 (all quiet on the western front) 1979
Melancholy overcomes him, but when his shift ends, all his thoughts are about a hot meal. Day by day attacks and counter-attacks follow each other. Dead are left without burial, they are just too many.
At nights, when everything is quiet, souvenir hunters go to collect copper bands from missiles and small pieces of parachute silk. Paul mentions butterflies and larks who continue their tiny lives in spite of war.
Young soldiers arrive, this means more work instead of help, because their lack of experience makes them easy targets; veterans try to teach and protect them, but anyway they are dying like flies, five to ten per one killed veteran. During one of attacks, Paul meets Himmelstoss and notes that his nemesis did not join the attack with others. After all, he kicks Corporal outside and a passing lieutenant shouts at them to join the attacking forces. This brings Himmelstoss to his senses and he runs with others, even outrunning them.
Haie Westhus is killed, same as many others. Only thirty two men of one hundred and fifty have survived. Himmelstoss offers an olive branch in the form of two pounds of sugar and half pound of butter specially for Tjaden. Paul develops a kinder attitude for Corporal; he saw Himmelstoss helping to carry the wounded Haie Westhus.
An outside observer can think that they are tough-skinned and indifferent to all happening around, but they feel everything and forget nothing. Paul and Albert find an old theatre poster and are stunned by the look of a pictured girl.
For them she is a creature from another world. Their quarters are located near a channel. While friends are swimming there in the evening, they spot three women on the other side and flirt with them, using broken French language. In the night, three bold adventurers, except for Tjaden whom they got drunk, are swimming to the other bank, keeping promised food and cigarettes in their boots above the water.
They arrive to the girls, dripping and wearing nothing but boots. A nice supper and love making follows. This means six weeks away from the front, so everybody envies him.
He feels uncomfortable on his way home; he is emotionally and mentally changed by his experiences in the war. When he meets people as he ventures home, they treat him especially well because of his uniform. Paul dislikes it; he believes that they have an obsession with their own importance. Paul believes that people feel better about themselves because they associate with him; they get the prestige of associating with someone in uniform without having to actually go to war. He is especially frustrated when one person calls him comrade as though they have a bond together.
Paul himself is extremely close to the men who he fights with on the front lines and takes the idea of comradeship very seriously. These experiences put Paul on edge as he goes home because he perceives a clear emotional difference between himself, and the civilians at home who know nothing of the violence and death on the front lines of the war. Paul and His Mom When Paul comes home and his sister sees him, she calls out to him.
Hearing his sister's voice for the first time in months sends him into shock; his sister asks what is wrong, but he simply asks for a handkerchief and begins to weep.
Stanislaus Katczinsky in All Quiet on the Western Front | vifleem.info
Paul's mother calls out to him. She is in bed and is very ill with cancer. Her first concern is whether or not Paul is home because he has been wounded, and Paul in turn worries about her health.
Paul's mother is not very physically expressive, but Paul knows that she cares deeply for him because she has saved the food to make his favorite dish even though the family is poor and hungry. She calls him my dear boy as well, which Paul knows is another way of her verbalizing that she loves him deeply.
All Quiet on the Western Front
However, Paul still feels strange. He does not fit in with everyone at home because they know nothing of the horrors of war. He sits there with his mother silently, until she asks him how the war is.